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每周育儿--鼓励孩子的创造性思维
专栏:育儿专栏
发布日期:2018-07-27
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鼓励孩子的创造性思维孩子的创造性思维一直都是最宝贵的东西,那么,应该怎么激励孩子的创造性思维呢?这里给出一些建议:1、有问不必答,鼓励孩子自己寻找的乐趣。从心理学的角度讲,好奇心是人对自己不了解的事物感到新奇而有兴趣进行探究的一种心理倾向,它是推动人们主动求异,进行创造性思维的内部动因。好奇心在孩子身上尤甚,其基本表现就是不断地提出"是什么"和"为什么"的问题。对待孩子提出的问题,不要"有问必答"...

鼓励孩子的创造性思维

孩子的创造性思维一直都是最宝贵的东西,那么,应该怎么激励孩子的创造性思维呢?这里给出一些建议:


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1、有问不必答,鼓励孩子自己寻找的乐趣。

从心理学的角度讲,好奇心是人对自己不了解的事物感到新奇而有兴趣进行探究的一种心理倾向,它是推动人们主动求异,进行创造性思维的内部动因。好奇心在孩子身上尤甚,其基本表现就是不断地提出"是什么"和"为什么"的问题。对待孩子提出的问题,不要"有问必答"。有些问题可以鼓励和引导孩子自己思考寻求答案。

2、赞美孩子的创造性举动

每个孩子都有一定的创造潜能,这种创造潜能就表现在日常生活中,因此用观察孩子在日常活动中的表现就可以发现他的创造力,比如,孩子一会儿把扫帚当马骑,一会儿把它当冲锋枪,一会儿又用它来堆雪人,其中有丰富的想象,有"发散思维",发现了同一事物的不同用处,这就是创造性的表现。

3、日常生活的问题尽量让孩子自己解决

在日常生活中,常碰到一些小困难、小问题,每当这时,不要急于帮孩子解决,而要让他自己想想办法。比如小猫把球掉到了河里,很着急,你帮它想想办法,怎样才能把球取上来,办法想得越多越好。问问孩子水可以做什么用?(洗头、洗衣服、洗水果等属洗涤类的用途,还有饮用、灭火、饲养、发电、做掺和剂、冷却等变通性用途。)

4、多给些只有开头的故事

故事:在一棵大树下,有一只狡猾的狐狸,它几天没有吃东西了,肚子饿得咕咕直叫。忽然。它抬头一看,树上有一只蹦蹦跳跳的小松鼠。狐狸眼珠子骨碌碌一转,说:"小松鼠你爸爸会闭着眼睛跳下来,你会吗?"小松鼠说:"我当然会啦。"说着,它闭上眼睛往下一跳。狐狸连忙跑过去,一把抓住小松鼠,刚要往嘴里送,这时……后来,聪明的小松鼠没有让狐狸吃掉,你知道它想了什么办法吗?

给孩子讲故事的时候,不妨多给些只有开头的故事来让孩子续,发挥孩子的想象力。

5、利用音乐、绘画启发孩子的思考。

让孩子在充分感受音乐的同时,要求他为歌曲配上动作,鼓励孩子表达内心的情感。

为歌曲写新词。首先要注意让孩子把基本曲调掌握,启发他思考添新词。

让孩子画意愿画,使孩子自由发挥自己的想象。也可给孩子规定一个主题,让孩子围绕这个主题,通过对知识经验的回忆来加工与绘画。比如,要求孩子画小猫,孩子可能画小猫钓鱼,小猫捉老鼠,小猫的一家,小孩抱着小猫,加菲猫,还可能画《宠物小精灵》里的喵喵和猫老大等。

6、在游戏中插上想象的翅膀

游戏,特别是建构游戏和角色游戏,能够发展孩子的创造思维。用积木搭各种建筑物时,孩子可以凭自己的想象和意愿,无拘无束地进行建构,在玩商店、邮局、医院、餐厅、幼儿园等游戏中孩子可以在人物和活动情节上根据自己的经验任意进行创造性想象。


Encourage creative thinking

Children's creative thinking has always been the most precious thing. So, how to motivate children's creative thinking? Here are some Suggestions:


1. Encourage the children to find their own fun without answering any questions.

From the perspective of psychology, curiosity is a person and to be curious about what we don't know are interested in exploring a kind of psychological tendency, it is pushing people to take the initiative to novelty and internal motive for creative thinking. Curiosity is especially strong in children, and its basic expression is to keep asking questions about "what" and "why". Don't "ask questions" your child asks. Some questions can encourage and guide children to think for themselves.

Praise your child's creative action

Every child has a certain creative potential, the creative potential is in daily life, thus by observing children's performance in daily activities can be found that his creativity, for example, when children for a while broom ride him, for a moment when it submachine gun, then use it to make a snowman, which has the rich imagination, there are "divergent thinking", discovered the different use of the same thing, that is the performance of creativity.

3. Try to let children solve problems in daily life by themselves

In daily life, we often encounter some small difficulties and problems. At this time, we should not rush to help the child solve them, but let him think for himself. For example, the cat dropped the ball into the river. It was very anxious. Ask your child what water can be used for? (washing hair, washing clothes and washing fruit are for washing purposes. They are also for drinking, firefighting, feeding, power generation, mixing agent and cooling.)

Give more stories with only the ?beginning

Story: under a big tree, there was a sly fox. He had not eaten for several days. All of a sudden. He looked up. There was a little squirrel jumping in the tree. The fox rolled his eyes and said, "little squirrel, your father will jump down with his eyes closed. Will you?" "Of course I will," said the squirrel. With that, he closed his eyes and jumped down. The fox ran quickly over and caught the little squirrel Later, the clever little squirrel did not let the fox eat it. Do you know what he thought?

When telling a story to your child, give him more stories with only the beginning so that he can continue to use his imagination.

5. Use music and drawing to inspire children's thinking.

Let the child fully feel music while asking him to match the song with action, encourage the child to express the inner feelings.

Write new words for the song. The first thing to notice is to let the child master the basic tunes and inspire him to think about adding new words.

Let the child draw the will to draw, let the child freely play his imagination. Children can also be given a theme, let the child around this theme, through the memory of knowledge and experience to process and painting. Requiring children to draw the kitten, for example, the child may draw the kitten fishing, cat and mouse, a cat, a child holding the cat, Garfield, is also likely to draw "pokemon" meow meow and the cat the boss.

6. Put imagination in the game

Games, especially structured games and character games, can develop children's creative thinking. Various buildings built with bricks, the child can by our own imagination and desire, to construct freely, in the play store, post office, hospital, restaurant, kindergarten children in the game can be according to their own experiences on activity characters and plot arbitrarily for creative imagination.


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